Treaty Hill/Flagstaff Hill: Daly Barns


The section of land this barn and these outbuildings are built on was a C.P.R. quarter.  Please click here and see Page 12 and here to learn more about C.P.R. Ready Made farms. It is believed that this property was first owned by Colonel Patrick J., CMG DSO, and Alice (nee Knight) Daly, RRC.

Patrick Joseph Daly was born in Australia in 1872, son of James Daly, of Alstonville, Richmond River, New South Wales. He worked as a carpenter until the age of 29, when he set off to South Africa to serve in the Second Boer War. Patrick was a young cavalryman, a lancer, who served with the West Australia contingent (6th Western Australia Mounted Infantry) from 1901 to 1902. Patrick Daly departed from Fremantle, Western Australia on board the SS Ulstermore (click here for images) on March 6th, 1901 and arrived in Durban, South Africa on March 29th, 1901. He was promoted to Corporal from Private some time in 1901. From there he was “promoted to Sergeant by the Commander-in-Chief” Frederick Roberts, 1st Earl Roberts, “for gallant service done on three occasions with scouts, when parties of Boers were taken”. He advanced from Sergeant to Lieutenant on January 18th, 1902 for work done while present in operations within the Transvaal Colony and the Orange River Colony. Patrick Daly was then severely wounded at Roodepoort, South Africa on February 26th, 1902 but was also mentioned five times in Commander-in-Chief Despatches. For his “services during the operations in South Africa” (London Gazette, 31 October 1902), he was awarded the D.S.O. (Distinguished Service Order). He was confirmed in the rank of Lieutenant, as honorary rank, upon retiring after the Second Boer War. After being wounded, Patrick was admitted to a Pretoria Hospital. It was there that he met Miss Alice Knight, a nurse. Much like a Hollywood movie, the patient fell in love with his nurse.


Distinguished Service Order during Second Boer War. Retrieved from

Alice Knight, born 1875, joined the nursing sisters of the British Army, the Royal Army Medical Corps, when she was 19 years old. After a few years of service, she was sent into a ranging war in South Africa in late 1901. The battle at Ladysmith, South Africa during the Second Boer War concluded with an excruciating four month period, where ever-increasing cases of enteric fever ran rampant and resources were precariously low. Alice was present throughout the entirety of this siege of Ladysmith. The town was besieged for 118 days and, towards the end of the struggle, city residents were living off of their working animals, oxen and horses. After securing Ladysmith, a retreat of the Boer troops in March of 1900 caused the British Army to advance onward to the North, pushing the Boer forces back. The more northerly city of Pretoria was surrendered to British forces on June 5th, 1900. The Second Boer War ended in Pretoria with the signing of the Peace of Vereeniging on May 31st, 1902. Alice was recognized in a London Gazette Despatch on Tuesday, June 17th, 1902 as a civilian nurse for “care of prisoners of war in Pretoria”. She would also receive the decoration of the Royal Red Cross, along with six other nurses, for “care of prisoners of war in Pretoria“. This award was administered on the 26th of June, 1902 for service in South Africa in the year 1902. Alice moved with the British forces to Pretoria to serve in the No. 22 General Hospital, formerly the Imperial Yeomanry Branch Hospital in Pretoria, where she would meet Patrick Daly.

On May 28th, 1902, she would tend to a young cavalryman who had been subject to seven rifle shots. As stated earlier, the pair fell in love. The war was almost over and Alice was sent back to England only to secure her discharge and return to Capetown, South Africa. On March 17th, 1903, Alice Knight wed Patrick Daly.

The Dalys spent several years in Africa before moving to England, where their only daughter Eileen was born on September 10th, 1910. The family would move to Calgary, Alberta, Canada late in the year 1910. It was here that Patrick Daly began a partnership with Pat Burns, one of the Big Four; or founding members of the Calgary Stampede. The Daly family owned two farms at this time; one in Strathmore, Alberta and one in Lougheed, Alberta.

With the outbreak of World War I on August 14th, 1914, both Dalys met the call and volunteered to serve in the war effort again. Patrick began recruiting for a legion frontiersman soon after war broke out. Then, in November of 1914, he joined the 31st Battalion at Calgary with the rank of Captain. Patrick Daly became Lieutenant of the 103rd Regiment of Canada on February 21st, 1915. Both he and Alice would see service in France but Alice would actually see battle long before her husband would.

Before Patrick joined the 31st Batttalion, Alice had already left for New York. Upon arriving there, they were told it would be four or five weeks before she and her counterpart, Mrs. L. Amy of Calgary, would be able to cross the Atlantic for Europe. However, the pair did not end up waiting anywhere near that long. Rumors of submarine attacks on passenger ships caused widespread ticket cancellations to pour into the steamship offices. As such, Mrs. Daly and Mrs. Amy were able to set sail for France on September 20th, 1914. Alice would arrive a year before her husband, as the 6th Canadian Brigade of the 2nd Canadian Division did not land until October and November of 1915. During 1917 and 1918, Alice was proposed to have been stationed at Lady Astor’s Red Cross hospital, called the HRH Duchess of Connaught Hospital, close to Taplow, Buckinghamshire, England. It was said that while serving in Europe, she experienced the impact of a Big Bertha shell. One of them, fired from seventy miles away, went through the roof of her apartment building.

Patrick Daly served in World War I from 1915 to 1917, rising to the rank of Lieutenant Colonel. On March 24th, 1917, Lieutenant Colonel Daly would receive the Order of St. Michael and St. George (CMG).


Order of St. Michael and St. George C.M.G. Retrieved from

In 1918, Patrick would command the 27th Battalion of Winnipeg (which was part of the 2nd Division6th Infantry Brigade along with its sister 28th Battalion, 29th, and 31st Calgary Battalions) and be given the rank of full Colonel. He would be placed on duty at Le Havre, Normandy, France and remain in France until after the Armistice.

After the Armistice of 1918, the Dalys would return to Alberta but would only stay in Calgary until 1919. At which point, the Dalys sold their farm in Strathmore and moved to their farm in the Treaty Hill District, South of Lougheed, Alberta and East of Alliance, Alberta.

Alice Daly would pass away in August of 1930 at the age off 55 from pneumonia contracted after a surgery for another illness. While in the Lougheed area, she was a staple. The town and district residents required her services whenever injured. Her loss was mourned greatly by the community. Many said that it took great knowledge, technical skill, tender hands, and a giving heart to help as she did.

Col. Patrick Daly would pass away on February 12th, 1931 at 59 years old after an operation for appendicitis. He was taken to St. Anne’s Hospital in Hardisty on February 8th but complications took him in a couple of days. A military funeral was held in the Lougheed Roman Catholic Church. His horse, with an empty saddle having on top boots and spurs reversed, was led by Sergent A. Skyes behind the hearse.

Daly Funeral 9Daly Funeral 7Daly Funeral 8

Daly Funeral 5

Present Day Barn Photos


This frame shows the norther face and eastern side of an outbuilding on the farm.


This frame shows the eastern side and southern face of the outbuilding.


This frame shows the southern face and western side of the outbuilding.


This frame shows the western side of the chicken coop in the yard.


This frame shows the southern side of the chicken coop. There are lots of windows on the southern side to let light into the building.


This frame shows the northern side and western side of the barn.


This frame shows an entryway on the western side of the barn.


This frame shows the cement and field stone foundation that supports that barn.


This frame shows the western side and southern side of the barn.


This frame shows the southern side and eastern side of the barn. The barn is leaning badly and has fallen off the foundation.


This frame shows the eastern side of the barn.


This frame shows the ground floor barn door on the southern side of the barn.


This frame shows the inside of the barn facing the north-western corner


This frame shows the chop bin in the north-western corner of the barn.


This frame shows a painted notation in the north-western corner of the barn.


A close-up of the writing shows, “LH April 20 1930”.


This frame shows what the stalls and mangers would have looked like inside the barn. Only one remains, on the southern half of the barn.


This frame shows the stone foundation on the southern end of the barn. Note that the foundation heads off to the West as if there used to be more barn that way. If it would have, the barn may have been a gable-roofed barn.


This frame shows the train of buried concrete heading West from the western side of the barn.


This frame shows an old red tractor parked in the pasture nearby the barn and house.


Land Layout


Barn Condition: Poor

Construction Date: Unknown, pre 1930.

Features: None

Roof Shape: Shed

Paint: Red

Decorations: No names or dates on outside, “LH April 20, 1930” painted on inside

Roof Covering: Wooden shingles

Siding: Wooden drop siding

Foundation: Cement and field stone

Additional History on the Property

These barns are not the only structure on this property. Treaty Hill is home to these outbuildings and barn, Geodetic Survey markers, and a homestead house.


Daly 1Daly 2

Craig, Dixon. “The Colonel’s Lady”. As the Wheel Turns: A History of Merna and                            District. 1st ed. Sedgewick: The Community Press, 1971. Print


Daly History 3Daly History 4

No Author. “Colonel Patrick J. Daly, C.M.G., D.S.O.”. Verdant Valleys In and Around                                Lougheed. 1st ed. Lougheed: Lougheed Women’s Institute, 1972. Print.


Daly 5

Alcorn, Phyllis. “Col. Daly Family”. In the Bend of the Battle: A History of Alliance and                District. 1st ed. Alliance: Alliance Lions Club, 1976. Print.


Daly 6

Alcorn, Phyllis. “Col. P.J. Daly”. In the Bend of the Battle; THE NEXT GENERATION: A               History of Alliance and District. 1st ed. Edmonton: Douglas Printing, 2005. Print.

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